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What do we know about the Salt Marsh Desert
Like a sandy desert, a salt marsh may seem uninteresting because of one word “desert”. But it is also one of the most interesting communities of nature in Southern Kazakhstan. It is based on different degrees of salinity of the soil, on which very specific vegetation grows, or selenium-tolerant, or maybe salt-loving. These are primarily solyanka, soleros, saltpeter, saltpeter and various tamarisks. Sometimes the salt marsh desert looks depressingly monotonous and lifeless. Such are the plump salt marshes and takyrs.
But sometimes, and this most often happens in rivers and lakes, the entire surface of the soil is overgrown with salt-tolerant cereals, and among them either individual bushes or whole groves (for example, from tamarisk).
And then everything rings with the number of birds and insects. Here, and most often only here, you can see a green squint, a tugai nightingale, a southern babbler, a black-headed wagtail, a small and gray lark. Small puddles and solid oldies have a huge number of Asian wetland exotics such as meadow thyrkushka, stilt and shiloklyovka, white—tailed piglet, sea plover, Egyptian and yellow heron, small cormorant and others. Even just for the sake of this list, it is worth going to the nearest such interesting place (for example, Lake Chushkakol). And in the spring, with powerful floods of the Syr Darya, this list increases tenfold. In addition, desert reptiles can be found here: steppe agama, foot-and-mouth, Central Asian turtle and roundhead, and the famous Saxaul golden eagle.