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What we know about the Ugam Ridge
There are several very interesting gorges on the Ugam ridge within Southern Kazakhstan, a visit to which will give you pleasure. The only drawback of such excursions is not very good roads at the entrance to them. The most famous of them is Sairamsu, named after the river flowing in it. The gorge is of great length, but quite picturesque, especially when approaching the upper reaches. The river is absolutely transparent, as all its tributaries are filtered through glacial moraines. The steep slopes of the gorge are covered with a magnificent juniper forest: in the lower part of the gorge from the juniper of Zeravshan, in the upper part – mainly from the juniper of the hemispherical Juniperus semigloboza. Archies are represented by beautiful trees. Due to large avalanches in winter, they are often crushed by snow and have a bizarre shape. Among the juniper there are individual apple trees of Sievers. Tugai consists mainly of Turkestan birch Betula turkestanica occasionally occurs willow and mountain ash Tien Shan Sorbus tianschanica. A set of plant species typical of juniper forest. In spring, you can see tulips and other early ephemeroids in the gorge. The trails leading to the upper reaches, especially in their upper part, are quite steep, but the landscape around is interesting.
Along one of the trails you can get to the moraine lakes, the lower of which is overgrown with blue Talas monkshood along the shores Aconitum talassicum and yellow ligularia Ligularia talassica, and very “photogenic”, and the upper one is filled with water from melting snowfields nearby and is cloudy.
When climbing, you will have to overcome several narrow bridges over the river.Cyrams and its tributaries. The second trail leads to the foot of the Sairam peak (height 4240m), which climbers climb. The grandiose peak is very attractive, and an excursion to its foot will be interesting. One day will not be enough for you to explore the Sairamsu Gorge. You can spend the night in it at a small campsite in houses without amenities or in your own tents. There is a small sauna at the campsite. At night it can be cold in the gorge, you need to have warm clothes with you.
There is another interesting route along the Kaskasu gorge to a flat high-altitude (more than 3000 m) plateau. It is composed of granite rocks, which is rare for the Western Tien Shan. The outliers protruding above the surface of the plateau are very original and whimsical, beautiful and majestic views of the surrounding peaks of the Ugam ridge open from the plateau itself. Here you can observe the marmot Menzbira Mormota mensbieri– a rare red book animal, admire the pillows of acantholimons Acantholimon, consider the Potentilla and Astragalus tarsi, mats covering individual areas of the plateau. It will be necessary to spend the night in tents in the upper reaches of the gorge. The ascent to the plateau requires good physical fitness, and a jeep is needed to travel through the gorge.